2018-04-12 | Security

Death of Uzbek 'Islamic State' leader sparks infighting in Afghanistan

Salaam Times and AFP

The replacement of Qari Hikmatullah with another Uzbek suggests the group is having difficulty replacing its leaders and is being forced to depend on foreign fighters with fluctuating loyalties.


Qari Hikmatullah, a top 'Islamic State' leader in Afghanistan killed in an air strike last week, is shown in a picture dated April 5. His death was 'a big blow' to IS in the north, say Afghan and coalition officials. [Courtesy of NATO]

Qari Hikmatullah, a top 'Islamic State' leader in Afghanistan killed in an air strike last week, is shown in a picture dated April 5. His death was 'a big blow' to IS in the north, say Afghan and coalition officials. [Courtesy of NATO]

KABUL -- The death of a top "Islamic State" (IS) commander in Afghanistan has exposed the deep divisions that exist between the group's rival factions, and the dwindling fortunes of the terrorist group overall.

Coalition forces Monday (April 9) confirmed they had killed Qari Hikmatullah -- also rendered Hekmat -- and his bodyguard in Faryab Province Thursday (April 5).

Coalition and Afghan officials described Hikmatullah's undoing as a US air strike preceded by Afghan-operated drones that followed him to his hideout.

He is the latest top IS leader to be killed, demonstrating the fate of foreign fighters coming to Afghanistan to join IS -- certain death at the hands of coalition and Afghan government forces.

Running out of leaders

Hikmatullah was a "native Uzbek" who previously belonged to other militant groups, including the Taliban, before joining IS's Khorasan branch (IS-K) in northern Afghanistan, according to the NATO statement.

He was a key leader, channeling external support and foreign fighters from Central Asian states into Afghanistan, said the statement.

Hikmatullah was involved in or responsible for "deadly terrorist attacks" and had been replaced by Mawlawi Habib-ul-Rahman, said the Afghan Defence Ministry Saturday.

The appointment of Rahman, another native Uzbek who had intermittent ties with the Taliban, suggests that the group is having difficulty replacing its leaders and is being forced to depend on foreign fighters with fluctuating loyalties, the NATO statement said.

The move led to immediate infighting among three rival factions of IS-K, split between foreign fighters from Syria and Chechnya, followers of Hikmatullah from northern Afghanistan and Afghan IS members from other parts of the country, said local Afghan government officials quoted by the New York Times.

Afghan government and coalition forces "killed Hikmatullah and they will kill any successors," said NATO Resolute Support Mission Commander Gen. John Nicholson, according to the NATO statement. "[IS-K] will be eliminated."

Afghan and coalition forces have ramped up air strikes and ground offensives against IS fighters in Jawzjan in recent months as the group seeks to expand its foothold in the country.

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