Authorities are keeping a close eye on a shadowy part of the internet that requires special software to access, making it an ideal platform for criminals of all sorts.
The UN is helping rehabilitate convicted extremists, observers say.
Officials and criminal justice scholars are discussing ways of protecting human rights as a means to preventing violent extremism and radicalisation.
Tajik authorities are concerned about new synthetic drugs, which are 'especially dangerous for youth', say specialists.
The new effort is part of the country's annual anti-drug Operation Kuknor, which is run in two phases, from May 20-August 30 and September 1-November 30.
Preventing prison inmates from radicalising each other was the topic at a May 30 forum in Astana.
The changes stem from constitutional amendments and judicial reforms that President Shavkat Mirziyoyev introduced in April.
Law enforcers and experts are especially concerned about the synthetic drugs called Spice, which are alarmingly popular among youth.
The strategy calls on officials to improve anti-corruption measures and fight religious extremism, terrorism and organised crime.
A new project is meant to choke off a source of terrorist funding.