This photo essay explores how some Muslims in Kyrgyzstan celebrate the holy month.
Clerics should pay attention to their congregations' moods and help solve personal problems that unaddressed can lead to radicalisation, observers say.
President Nazarbayev and society are calling on Islamic authorities to provide continuing education for imams and scholars.
The aim of the programme is to reach the minority population that does not speak Kazakh and to veer them away from radical ideas.
Educational programmes nationwide are meant to address past deficiencies in imams' knowledge of Islam.
The Spiritual Administration for the Muslims of Kazakhstan is working to protect mosques from disorderly attendees.
Leaders of various religions are calling for inter-faith harmony and denouncing efforts by extremists to create rifts in society.
New mosques will allow clergy to reach more people, helping them 'better understand Sharia' and prevent them from Islamic radicalisation, religious scholars believe.
Defeating radicalism will take a commitment on all levels, officials say.
Workshops nationwide are teaching them the tools to defeat extremists.