The Russian Ministry of Defence attempted to pass off images from a video game as 'proof' the US military was aiding militants. Social media users debunked Moscow's claims.
Among a number of initiatives, a US-funded centre in Almaty trains Kazakhstani police how to handle K9 dogs search for illegal drugs.
The Kazakhstani Defence Ministry and the OSCE jointly hosted the training with the support of the US State Department.
Participating troops demonstrated high readiness, according to their commander.
Central Asian nationals who fought alongside terrorists in Syria are returning to their homelands to plan terror attacks, suggest recent arrests.
Officials warn of the human costs that extremist delusions have inflicted on Kyrgyzstan.
Authorities are aware of the high stakes, given the danger posed by a radicalised person with military training and access to weapons.
The Ministry of Defence is expecting to hold 7,000 anti-extremism outreach events in 2017.
Joint exercises will help prevent potential terrorist attacks and increase regional security, say specialists and officials.
Their first-ever military pact turns Central Asia's largest countries into strategic partners, say observers.