New transport options reflect moves by the two countries to enhance ties.
New, modernised offices are helping police provide better service to civilians and help prevent corruption, law enforcement officials say.
Kyrgyz society is in a heated debate about the new rules, which include hefty fines for traffic violations, spitting on the street and burning garbage.
The film tells the story of a Kyrgyz woman working illegally in Moscow, who abandons her child at first but then does everything she can to find him.
Kazakhstan's cities are dressed up for the upcoming New Year, with preparations under way to say good bye to the old year and to welcome 2019.
A major drop in poverty in Kazakhstan over the past two decades has helped limit the effectiveness of terrorist recruiters.
Hundreds of Astana residents and other guests visited the exhibition to listen to Uzbek pop performers and to taste a different national cuisine.
The main goal of the event is to preserve historical values and transfer them to new generations, said the Astana government.
The artwork has 'enlivened the city', said one comment online.
Many residents see no reason to keep names ending in '-ov' or '-ev' 27 years after the fall of the Soviet Union.