As the 'Islamic State' crumbles in Iraq and Syria, Tajik families fear for radicalised children who joined the insurgents, and the grandchildren who have never known their homeland.
Among other cases, authorities in Tajikistan are working to repatriate a Tajik girl in an Iraqi orphanage.
The likely end of combat in Syria and Iraq means a mass return of defeated militants to Kyrgyzstan, warn observers.
Some 99% of profits from the illicit drug trade goes to terrorist groups and drug cartels, according to the Afghan Counter Narcotics Ministry.
The lack of easily accessible, clear information that raises awareness about religious issues makes it easy to recruit Kyrgyz youth, warn analysts.
Some Kyrgyz who seemingly have a stake in society are turning to insurgency, experts say.
Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has been stepping up its malign activities in the Middle East, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Co-ordinated actions against extremism and terrorism have brought positive results in Tajikistan's Sughd Province, law enforcement agencies claim.
Sharif Sherbekov is among hundreds of Tajiks whose life the 'Islamic State' turned into a nightmare.
"Their power, which was their source of pride, has faded and their dreams of the country with stretching borders is a thing of the past."