The leaning minaret, which has been a symbol of the city for centuries, was reduced to rubble as Iraqi forces closed in on the last 'Islamic State' bastion.
Lured to IS territory by the promise of jobs, health care and a community of 'true believers', a group of Indonesians has learned the harsh truth.
Lack of financial opportunities is forcing thousands to seek work far away from their homeland, exposing them to extremist recruitment, say residents of Gulakandoz Jamoat.
In 2016, 35 residents of Jabbor Rasulov residents were convicted of participating in banned extremist groups like "Islamic State". In 2017, only one case has been reviewed.
The stimulant, administered in pill form, has reportedly been sanctioned by the 'Islamic State' as a means to facilitate 'jihad' as it gives fighters stamina.
Policies that marginalise citizens could end up "driving" people into the hands of terrorists, UN Secretary-General António Guterres warned.
Parviz Kosimov's return from Syria gives hope to Tajik parents whose sons left to wage 'jihad' in the Middle East.
Tajik villager Parviz Kosimov described his 9 months as an 'Islamic State' militant in Syria exclusively to Caravanserai.
The threat is not diminishing and requires continued pushback, say observers and lawmakers.
The new centre expected to begin operating July 1st will eventually have a stock exchange and independent financial courts.