Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi's call for youth to 'answer the call of duty' and fight in the ranks of the 'Islamic State' has been met with derision and apathy.
Losing ground and fighters daily, the militant group is exploiting children in a desperate attempt to exert its dwindling power, observers say.
After a months-long battle, Iraqi security forces finally pushed ISIS out of Iraq's second largest city, inflicting a crippling blow on the group's so-called caliphate.
The president is urging clergy to step up their efforts to rehabilitate ex-extremists and their families.
In recent years, women have been committing about 25% of extremist offences in Kyrgyzstan, officials say.
The leaning minaret, which has been a symbol of the city for centuries, was reduced to rubble as Iraqi forces closed in on the last 'Islamic State' bastion.
Lured to IS territory by the promise of jobs, health care and a community of 'true believers', a group of Indonesians has learned the harsh truth.
Lack of financial opportunities is forcing thousands to seek work far away from their homeland, exposing them to extremist recruitment, say residents of Gulakandoz Jamoat.
In 2016, 35 residents of Jabbor Rasulov residents were convicted of participating in banned extremist groups like "Islamic State". In 2017, only one case has been reviewed.
The stimulant, administered in pill form, has reportedly been sanctioned by the 'Islamic State' as a means to facilitate 'jihad' as it gives fighters stamina.