ALMATY -- Kazakh officials on Tuesday (March 1) reiterated an offer to host peace talks between Ukraine and Russia after Nur-Sultan unequivocally rejected a request from Moscow to send troops in support of attacking Russian forces.
Kazakhstan had been refusing to toe Russia's line in the run-up to war.
A day after Russian President Vladimir Putin unilaterally declared the independence of two separatist enclaves in Ukraine, Kazakh officials firmly declared neutrality.
Kazakh Foreign Minister Mukhtar Tileuberdi on February 22 told reporters that Kazakhstan had no plans to recognise the independence of the so-called "Donetsk People's Republic" (DPR) and "Luhansk People's Republic" (LPR).
"It's not under discussion," he said, according to Vlast.kz. "We adhere to the foundations of international law and the principles of the [United Nations (UN)]."
The issue of sending Kazakh troops to Ukraine is not on the agenda either, Tiluberdi said.
Kazakhstan does not intend to send its troops to Ukraine as part of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) because war between Russia and Ukraine is not within the territorial jurisdiction of CSTO troops, Speaker of the Senate (the upper house of parliament) Maulen Ashimbayev said last Thursday, according to Vlast.kz.
The Russian-led CSTO includes six former Soviet republics: Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Belarus and Armenia. Ukraine is not a participating country.
President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev Tuesday restated his country's neutrality and offered to host talks between the two countries.
Fighting in Ukraine continues to rage after Russian President Vladimir Putin launched an invasion last Thursday.
The Kremlin has since faced a raft of punishing sanctions as Western powers promised further measures to bring down Russia's economy.
Kazakhstan does not 'owe' Russia
Nur-Sultan will under no circumstances support Moscow's military aggression against Ukraine, said Dauren Ospanov, a retired Kazakh army major and former military officer at the Almaty regional garrison.
"Many experts say that our President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev owes ... Putin after Putin sent troops to Kazakhstan to stabilise the situation during the events in January, and that he must return the favour," he said.
"But this is not the same situation."
Ukraine did not pose any threat to Russia, this bloody military aggression is unjustified and Kazakhstan must not participate in it, he stressed.
In early January, Tokayev called on CSTO troops to intervene as initially peaceful rallies around New Year's Day against fuel price hikes turned into violent unrest.
Kazakhstan's official position has also received approval from Kazakhs, who appears largely sympathetic to Ukraine during the war.
Almaty resident Arman Shorayev, a public figure and former CEO of the largest Kazakh TV channels, Khabar and KTK, has been organising financial support and humanitarian assistance for Ukraine.
He is convinced that Ukrainians will be victorious.
"Unlike Putin's junta, every Ukrainian will defend his [or her] home, his relatives and friends, his meadows and fields, while the occupiers will fight for who knows whose ideals," he said in a video message on Facebook.
Amir Shaikezhanov, also an Almaty resident and director of global health initiative Amanbol.kz, compared Putin to a rat that gets into other people's houses through the toilet.
"I also imposed my own sanctions on Russia and do not buy Russian goods," he told Caravanserai.
"I do not want to sponsor a country that has turned into dangerous gangrene and not only kills its own citizens but poses a threat to others."
Risks for Kazakhstan
As risks emerge for Kazakhstan from the Kremlin's actions, Kazakhs are seeing Russia's invasion of Ukraine as a warning.
On February 22, Tokayev convened a Security Council meeting on the situation in Ukraine to discuss potential negative consequences for Kazakhstan, instructing the body to urgently adopt a national anti-crisis plan.
"The head of state gave some instructions to minimise potential economic and other risks for our country," the presidential press service said in an official statement.
In recent years, Russian politicians have increasingly made statements that Kazakhstan's northern provinces have historically belonged to Russia, leading to diplomatic rows and public outcry in the Central Asian republic.
Russia is now even more convinced that it must keep a sharp eye on Kazakhstan, according to Dosym Satpayev, a political scientist and director of a risk assessment team from Almaty.
Kazakhstan should never recognise the independence of the "LPR" and "DPR", just as it did not recognise Georgia's breakaway regions Abkhazia and South Ossetia, he said an interview with Radio Azattyk, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's Kazakh service, last week.
"In January, Russia interfered in Kazakhstan's internal affairs, and now the Kremlin will believe that it has the moral right to interfere further," Satpayev warned.
Russian authorities, having failed to raise the standard of living in their country, are trying to distract the Russian population from internal problems, said Almaty resident Sergey Duvanov, director of the Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights.
"Putin is using the image of an external enemy to regain support from the patriotic part of society," he told Caravanserai. "And this, unfortunately, is working. Many Russians believe that the West really wants to destroy Russia."
In the future, Putin may play another card in his Russian "revival" agenda and demand the return of the "gifts of the Russian people", i.e. Kazakhstan's northern provinces, Duvanov said.
"In the Akorda [the Kazakh presidential office], they do not rule out this possibility, but it is not acceptable to discuss it publicly," he said.
Glory to Ukraine! Glory to heroes! Kazakhstan should urgently arm itself! You armchair Putinists, get out and go to your Russia and fight for your Putin there. Even though you are yellow-bellied, they can send you to the war where Ukrainians will bury you soon.Reply
Ukraine is a virtuous daughter of her parents - Banderites, NATO, and the USAReply
Fat chance Russia will ever get Kazakhstan :)))Reply
Today the Khokhols annihilated the lauded Russian Tamanskaya tank division.Reply
With its pet NATO, the USA refused to help Ukrainian fascists militarily, but fear not, Ukes: the West will use their Nazi misery for a showdown with Russia.Reply
Macron would never see Nazis in Ukraine, even if he had come across a torchlight march of Banderites screaming about Moskals, knives, and gallows, and a flag with Swastika touched his face. This Emmanuel is capable of tearing a St. George ribbon off of a little girl with his Ukie friends.Reply
How many commissions did Western countries send to the L/DPR, how many posthumous examinations did they follow up on to say that Ukrainian fascists had not been shelling the Donbas for eight years and killed no one?Reply
Shutting down foreign agent information dumpsters and "Ekho Moskvy" enraged the US State Department, which in no uncertain terms approved the shutting down of Russian media in the West.Reply
Russia now has a second Afghanistan, and even worse. The mujaheddin waged guerilla warfare there with Kalashnikovs. Ukraine on the other hand has quite a strong and well-equipped army. However, Ukraine didn't have time to obtain modern weapons because they underfinanced their defence system. But 6,000 Russian casualties in one week of fighting shows the Ukrainian army has a high level of training and professionalism. Central Asian countries to think about how our small armed forces, which are poorly equipped and lack modern weapons, won't stand a week against Russia. Hence, while it's not too late, it is necessary to immediately establish a Union of Turkic states with a combined economy and armed forces. With a population of 160 million and a combined GDP of $1.5-1.6 trillion, it's possible to create an army of one million troops. We should remember that Russia and China daydream of enslaving us. The fate of the Uyghurs should be a lesson for us. Therefore, Turkey must have military bases in the region.Reply
According to the SBU [Ukrainian Security Services], Russians are being "recycled" at a rate of about 1,000 per day. Putin is likely shocked...Reply
Yes, the Khokhols are canning Russians.Reply
What, has Russia lost to Nazis and Banderites? Why is Russia so weak?Reply
"None of this would have happened had I just given the order to stop shelling the Donbas," Mr. Zelensky ruminated in his echoing bunker, sadly playing a doleful tune on the piano.Reply
Wow, are you going bonkers over the fact Kazakhstan is not part of Russia yet?Reply
Russian forces are so accurate in carrying out their special operation that British media have had to cover the burial of two female teachers killed by Ukrainian Nazis in Horlivka, as a crime of the mythical Russian aggressor!Reply
By deadlocking Russia and effectively holding the knife to our throat, the West has condemned its precious Ukrainian fascism with it own hands.Reply
The State Department warns that the evidence of war crimes committed by the Ukrainian killers collected on the battlefield and taken by force from those Ukie sadists, is not admissible as evidence.Reply
The myth about powerful Russia is crumbling. It has been and will continue to be a backward pigsty.Reply
Lies! Even Belarus doesn't participate in this.Reply
Why would we fight for Russia? They are so great and mighty, I am sure they do well on their own.Reply