The Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Kazakhstan (SAMK) and the government are joining efforts to improve imams' education and fight extremism.
Starting this school year, 10 pilot schools in Kyrgyzstan will introduce a new subject - History of Religious Culture.
Military schools are expanding their curriculum.
The government wants to prevent the radicalisation and exodus of more citizens.
The government is reforming education at the Darul Uloom Haqqania seminary.
The TTP's violent suppression of education has forced many families to send their children away to school.
Civil society groups are training teachers to work as active agents to counter militancy.
About 300 seminaries in Pakistan receive foreign funding, authorities say.