Global competitiveness, a green economy, privatisation and infrastructure are among top priorities Kazakhstan and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development agreed upon.
Loans to farmers and agro-firms are creating 2,500 job opportunities across Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan prides itself on its diverse melons and other agricultural products, and hopes to make inroads into a new American market.
'I love the people' was a common sentiment among a group of American tourists on a recent multi-country tour of the region's oldest cities.
The project aims to improve the situation in Syrdarya Province and provide access to safe drinking water for its approximately 280,000 residents.
Officials want to double the number of tourists in Samarkand by 2021.
Uzbekistani citizens unwilling to buy hard currency -- dollars, euros, etc. -- on the black market experience various hardships and inconveniences stemming from official policies.
Trade between the two countries is flourishing as the two sides seek warmer and more-lucrative ties.
Uzbekistani officials are offering to help build Afghanistan and calling for the international community to aid their war-stricken neighbour.
By developing trade and reducing poverty, Tajikistan is eliminating grounds for radicalisation, say observers.