The two countries agreed to work together to fight extremism and enhance economic relations.
New jobs and improved social conditions will help fight extremism in Afghanistan and increase security on the Uzbek-Afghan border, observers say.
New apartment buildings for Uzbekistani troops opened across the country on May 31 and June 10.
Talks yielded a number of agreements, including one on fighting drug trafficking.
The resumption of flights by Uzbekistan Airways will boost co-operation between two terrorism-affected countries.