The United Nations said more than 80% of those who have fled Russian and Syrian bombings are women and children, who are particularly vulnerable because of the freezing weather.
Central Asian governments are joining efforts in strengthening border security, fighting terrorism and increasing regional co-operation.
Efforts are under way to protect Kazakhstan's borders and sovereignty.
Twenty police officers, prosecutors and representatives of the Financial Monitoring Committee and some private-sector employees took part in the live-action training.
In 2019, a string of disasters and accidents has plagued Russia's military, fanning growing concerns over the country's aging defence systems.
A lack of funding is behind the poor security, said a top official.
Beijing 'seems to be interested in everything that is happening in our country,' Kazakh observers say.
Kazakhstan and the United States have been bolstering co-operation in areas such as peacekeeping and counter-terrorism.
The countries seek to address security and other challenges.
The two countries also signed agreements in areas including migration, health care, logistics and combating economic crimes.