An ethnic Tajik man from Uzbekistan drove a hijacked truck into pedestrians in the Swedish capital in 2017, killing 5 Europeans.
IS recruited him in 2013 when he was doing migrant labour in Russia, and he joined the militants in 2015 in Iraq and Syria.
Since January, Kazakh authorities have broken up three potential terrorist attacks in the early preparation stage, and convicted 140 extremists and terrorists.
The Kazakh government's effort to repatriate and reintegrate Kazakh children returning from Syrian and Iraq 'is an example to the whole world'.
Over the past year, Uzbekistan's government has systematically worked to return citizens connected with extremist organisations to peaceful lives.
In seeking new members, militant outfits are using so-called soft power methods and targeting those who lack religious education.
The aim of one of the studies was to identify and analyse the local drivers of extremist sympathies, pertinent information flows and trusted sources of information.
The group's financial operations are expected to move away from a centralised model in Iraq and Syria into a much more fragmented one after the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
A prison riot for which 'Islamic State' (IS) took responsibility damaged Tajikistan's standing.
Participants in the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe event discussed best practices for rehabilitating returning foreign fighters and their families.