The most tangible sign of progress was the re-opening of the long-restricted Dostuk/Dustlik border crossing.
The recently concluded conference revealed that regional and international peace might more easily be found by getting to know neighbours than by fearing them.
After many years of distrust, both sides appear optimistic about the future.
Long-awaited flights are scheduled to start in April, according to Uzbekistan Airways.
The two countries vowed to triple trade, develop joint projects and increase security in the region.