According to a recent survey, even a third of Russian youth want to leave their country for better opportunities and quality of life.
Authorities are implementing a voluntary resettlement programme in an attempt to solve two problems -- unemployment in some regions and lack of labour in others.
The US has offered political support and planning consultations on extending the Hairatan-to-Mazar-e-Sharif railway, an Uzbek project that observers say could improve stability in Afghanistan.
Kazakhstan is dealing with high inflation and growing social discontent, while in Kyrgyzstan, 1 in 5 companies in the re-export business have gone bankrupt since the EEU began in 2015.
To increase efficiency and share costs, farmers are forming co-ops.
Enbek.kz, an electronic job placement centre launched in January, has already helped 19,000 Kazakhstanis find employment across the country.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) plans to teach employees of financial organisations how to set up appropriate loans for small businesses.
Joining the WTO will help Uzbekistan break decades of economic isolation, economists predict.
Presidents of Central Asian countries overall called 2017 a year of changes and said they foresee further innovations in 2018.