Stakeholders are calling for an investigation into the deal that many see simply as a Russian takeover of the country's second largest gold mine.
A long history of abuse, discrimination, demands for bribes, being cheated out of their pay, and beatings by civilians and even by police are keeping migrants home.
Beijing exploitative terms for its enormous loans are causing widespread fear in Kyrgyzstan as the country faces the prospect of losing mineral assets after China tacked on a 2% 'late fee'.
Under the World Bank's recommended numbers, about 13% of China's population still lives in poverty, a far cry from the Communist Party's trumpeted 'miracle' of total eradication.
The Russian-dominated Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) wants to regulate online commerce across the region, but observers say the move will only benefit Russian businesses.
Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan have long expressed disappointment in the Russia-dominated economic bloc, and the Kremlin wants Tajikistan to sign on before China moves in.
Falling incomes, rampant corruption, extreme inequality, and political suppression are some of reasons strengthening the opposition to President Vladimir Putin.
Central Asian migrants working in Russia face a host of injustices and abuses, while the region's reliance on remittances undermines economic growth and development, analysts say.
Vulnerable Kyrgyzstan has been particularly hard hit during the pandemic, and neighbouring Russia and China -- despite vows of support -- have made things worse.
The $1 billion Central Asia Investment Partnership is aimed at developing regional co-operation and increasing regional security.