The United States has 'credible information' that Russian allegations of a chemical weapons attack by Syrian rebels last month are false.
The five-day drills represented a comprehensive test of the army's combat readiness, according to officials.
Twenty-one law enforcement and military personnel from Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan took part in the course organised by the OSCE Programme Office in Dushanbe.
It is 'up to Russia' to fix its violations of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, the United States and NATO allies warned.
Counter-terror exercises and ongoing investigations are among Kazakhstan's efforts against terrorism.
Kazakhstan is joining the international community in criminalising airplane hijackings and other aviation related crimes.
The number of foreign fighters flowing into Iraq and Syria each month has declined to about 100 from a peak of about 1,500 three years ago.
The new patrol police will assist the public while maintaining 'zero tolerance' for corruption.
More than 100 security personnel and aviation academy instructors and students participated in the counter-terrorism exercise at Almaty International Airport.
The possible deaths of millions across the world through the use of nuclear weapons are a joke to the Russian president.