The long-term strategic consequences of Russia's ongoing presence in Syria are becoming clearer with the Kremlin's increasingly fraught relations with Turkey, which controls the Bosphorus.
'Clearly, diplomatic momentum in favor of holding Beijing accountable for its human rights violations is growing,' said the Human Rights Watch's UN director, Louis Charbonneau.
EU chief Charles Michel singled out Kazakhstan as a major trading partner for the EU and called for investment in transport infrastructure in the country.
Leaders of nations attending the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) earlier this month 'tried to avoid contact with Putin', said one observer.
Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan appear to be backing away from their former ally amid a general trend of cooling ties between Moscow and Central Asia following Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
Statements out of Beijing and Moscow touting 'common security' and 'just world order' contrast greatly with the military aggression and human rights abuses both regimes espouse.
The volume of Russian oil exports to China has hit a record level, handing the Kremlin vital income as it continues its brutal invasion of Ukraine.
The US Embassy in Dushanbe marked World Refugee Day with Afghan and Tajik music, food and art and commended Tajikistan's willingness to help its neighbours.
The small island nations saw through Beijing's 'disingenuous' offer for a regional security pact, preferring instead to remain independent of Chinese influence in government and industries.
In taking a strong position against Russia's invasion of Ukraine, Tashkent is carving out a path as a leader of a united Central Asian coalition against Moscow's expansionist plans, analysts say.