The strategy is to pump out dozens of different, sometimes contradictory, narratives to sow confusion and fear.
Disinformation and misinformation about the coronavirus continue to proliferate around the world, putting millions of lives at risk.
Beijing continues to spread conspiracy theories on social media and is now attempting to appear to the world as a benevolent power with no responsibility for the COVID-19 outbreak.
Pro-Kremlin media outlets are putting lives at risk by mounting a 'significant campaign' to spread false and misleading information about the deadly virus.
Almatel Kazakhstan could not come to terms with the Russian channels to rebroadcast their shows at a reasonable price. Many Kazakhs are not complaining.
The Russia-based network included 78 Facebook accounts and four on Instagram. Online 'troll factories' meanwhile have been ramping up their operations in Central Asia.
The move to eliminate TV receivers from rooftops and building facades, long considered an urban eyesore in Turkmenistan, is restricting access to Russian channels.
The European Union's police agency, Europol, said it had suppressed 26,000 IS-related pieces of content, including videos and social media accounts.
IS since its inception has preyed on youth and attempted to indoctrinate them with its extremist ideology.
Russia's post-war ambitions in Syria may be causing unwanted friction with its 'ally' Iran, whose Revolutionary Guards share similar aims of expansion in the Middle East.