Many Ukrainian refugees fleeing the war have been quietly sheltered by members of Bulgaria's 17,500-strong Russian community.
'Everyone is helping in any way they can,' said a director of a school in Vilnius, where they are offering education free of charge to Ukrainian refugees
'How can you go to a country that wants to kill you?' asked one Ukrainian woman forced to flee Mariupol with her young daughter.
Tashkent has so far sent two shipments of humanitarian aid to Ukraine, including medicines, individual first aid kits and food.
'I wasn't expecting to meet people helping like that -- with all their heart and soul,' said one refugee.
Tajikistan is building several refugee camps in districts bordering Afghanistan in case refugees pour in from the neighbouring state as conditions worsen under the Taliban.
Weeks of intensive aerial bombardment and a bruising ground offensive have emptied entire towns. The vast majority –- 80% -- of the displaced are women and children.