The jihadist leader warned his deputies -- one of whom was killed days later -- of an approaching rebellion by group members.
The Kazakh government is looking for police reforms to emulate. Georgia might serve as an example.
Newly manufactured weapons from Russia, including sniper rifles and explosives, keep finding their way into the hands of the Afghan Taliban.
Russia's presence on Georgian and Ukrainian territory is fueling growing concerns in Central Asia about Kremlin interference.
Increased monitoring of areas and roads near summer resorts will help attract more foreign tourists, observers say.
The training brought specialists from Israel to teach Kazakh law enforcement conflict management and negotiation skills.
Perceived threats from terrorism and growing unease over the Kremlin's behavior are encouraging Central Asian countries to join together to strengthen regional security.
The latest drills were ostensibly to prepare for militant attacks emanating from Afghanistan, but many see the maneuvers as an expression of Russia's reluctance to allow others into its 'backyard'.
In contrast, the United States has provided $7.7 billion in aid for Syria and Syrians displaced throughout the region.
Attendees included 40 government delegations and 318 international defence contractors.