For centuries, the nomadic Kyrgyz people travelled freely across Central and South Asia, fording rivers and cutting across snow-capped mountains. Today a handful of them are stuck on the "roof of the world".
The US government has allocated about $15 million to provide Kyrgyz schools and kindergartens with high quality, nutritious food, according to the US Embassy in Bishkek.
The return of ex-militants to their homeland is the result of joint efforts by law enforcement, security agencies, clergy, local authorities and family members.
Kazakhstan produced a documentary about the successful results of President Nursultan Nazarbayev's January 16-18 visit to Washington.
The state programme sets four tasks: preventing extremism, reducing radicalism, stopping planned terrorist acts and successfully reacting to terrorist acts that have been committed.
Officials from law enforcement and security forces of both countries reviewed prospects for co-operation in the fight against extremism and terrorism.
Young people in Uzbekistan are showing more interest in studying at American universities as a way to boost their employability at home.
Involving youth in active leadership and community building helps dissuade them from religious extremism and radicalism, project co-ordinators say.
The project's goal is to provide surplus hydro-electric power from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to Afghanistan and Pakistan during the summer months.
Uzbekistan is demonstrating its readiness to support the Afghan government's effort to build a peaceful future, officials and specialists say.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) plans to teach employees of financial organisations how to set up appropriate loans for small businesses.
Joint efforts by law enforcement, schools, local NGOs and international organisations have raised awareness among Kyrgyz youth about extremism and terrorism, observers say.
With financial assistance from the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), alternative energy sources will produce 30% of the country's electricity by 2030, predict observers.
Facts on the ground belie Russia's recent claim that its mission to oust the 'Islamic State' in Syria has been accomplished.
Uzbekistani President Shavkat Mirziyoyev has sacked Rustam Inoyatov, chief of the National Security Service.
The Fighting Extremism Act, which is aimed at preventing, fighting and eliminating the threat of extremism, is part of a broader effort to retool Uzbekistan's national security goals.