A new surge in terrorism, as well as a wave of aggressive nationalism and populism, were among the main threats discussed by participants in the annual meeting.
Moscow has a history of exaggerating and scaremongering to try to convince Central Asian countries that they 'need' Russian military assistance.
Kurdish authorities say more than 12,000 IS suspects of at least 50 nationalities are being held in prisons they control in Syria.
Resentment against Russia has been steadily growing in Syria amid new revelations the Kremlin has committed war crimes and atrocities against the Syrian people.
Kazakh Defence Minister Nurlan Yermekbayev and his Tajik counterpart, Sherali Mirzo, discussed joint operations planned for 2020.
The new facility aims to significantly increase the border force's ability to monitor and prevent illegal border crossings and counter trans-national threats.
The state-backed Russian group hacked the Iranian regime's cyber-espionage operation in an attempt to mask the origins of its own malicious code.
Russia continues to test nuclear weapons after flouting the INF Treaty for years.
Unit 29155 operates under the command of the Russian military intelligence agency and has been tied to attempted coups, assassination plots and disinformation campaigns around the globe.
Long-term assistance is vital to lasting peace and security in Afghanistan, officials say.