An analysis of Moscow's activity on the world stage has underscored the malign nature of the regime led by President Vladimir Putin, as state-backed actors appear intent on manipulating foreign societies, undermining governments, violating international treaties, spreading disinformation and degrading human rights.
For years the Russian regime has been at the forefront of malign actors on the international stage -- from the illegal annexation of Crimea to its attempts to foment unrest and divisions through disinformation and hacking in the interests of the regime.
But now, that malign influence is spreading farther to various corners of the world, leaving misery, death and division in its wake, and worrying observers about what lies ahead.
One of the clearest indications of the Kremlin's malign activity is its direct military interference in countries and regions deemed strategic to Moscow.
The most recent example is Libya, where Moscow, through its proxy mercenary army the Wagner Group, is supporting strongman Khalifa Haftar against the United Nations (UN)-recognised government.
The Kremlin's bid to take over the country appears to have failed, amid reports of rifts between Haftar and the mercenaries and a series of battlefield losses by his forces, but the carnage has left hundreds dead and displaced more than 200,000.
However, the recent revelation of Russian jets based in Libya suggests the Kremlin may have long-term plans there despite its failed coup attempt.
The notorious Wagner Group, which carries out Putin's agenda worldwide under a cover of plausible deniability, has been or is active in a number of countries around the world, including Syria, Sudan, Venezuela, Madagascar and more.
Wagner, in co-ordination with the Russian military, is behind the civil war in eastern Ukraine and was instrumental in Moscow's illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014.
Kremlin support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has left a tragic trail of bloodshed in its wake.
Deliberate bombing of civilian targets, including hospitals, by Russian warplanes has killed at least 6,500 civilians and displaced nearly a million, and Russian military incursions in eastern Syria are disrupting efforts to battle "Islamic State" (IS).
In Georgia, citizens face overt Russian interference. On August 8, 2008, the Russian army swept into Georgia and has since occupied huge swaths of territory. The Kremlin recognised South Ossetia and another separatist enclave, Abkhazia, as independent states and then stationed permanent military bases on their territory.
The Russian war with Georgia and occupation of a fifth of its territory have led to great concern in Central Asia, where leaders and citizens alike are increasingly worried about Russian interference.
Kyrgyzstan is questioning the intent of Russian deployment of air and missile defence systems on its territory, Turkmen officials are increasingly angered by Russian officials' continued fear-mongering over Turkmenistan's border security, and Tajikistan is concerned the Kremlin is inciting fears of terrorism to play into the narrative that Tajikistan "needs" Russian military assistance.
In Kazakhstan, concerns are rising over how Moscow's most recent efforts to expand co-operation under the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) are meant to strengthen the Kremlin's control of its neighbours.
Putin's regime is also a serial violator of international security treaties that were meant to prevent military conflict.
Most recently, Moscow has failed to comply with the 1992 Open Skies Treaty, which allows the 35 signatory countries, including the United States and Russia, to conduct unarmed surveillance flights over each other's territory.
Repeated Russian violations of the treaty, namely Moscow's ban on flights over Kaliningrad and over the Georgian-Russian frontier, have compelled the United States to consider withdrawing from the treaty.
Last year, Putin suspended Russian participation in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which bans the possession, production or testing of ground-launched missiles that can travel distances of between 500-5,500km, as well as their launchers.
After years of formal complaints and attempts at diplomatic resolution, the United States and its NATO allies concluded that Russia "openly violates" the landmark Cold War treaty.
The INF deal was seen as one of two key arms treaties between Russia and the United States -- the other being the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), which keeps the nuclear arsenals of both countries well below their Cold War peak.
However, this deal too is set to expire in 2021, and there appears to be little political will to negotiate an extension.
The Kremlin may be best known for its campaign to spread disinformation and discord online through its various troll factories and hacking units.
It has been caught interfering in multiple US and European elections, and fuelling discord in the West, but most recently the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has given Moscow more fuel for spreading chaos.
Thousands of Russian-linked social media accounts launched a co-ordinated effort to spread conspiracy theories about the coronavirus just as outbreaks deepened across the world, and an investigation revealed these efforts were just the latest example of Putin's long-term campaign to discredit Western healthcare systems.
Even as Russia faced an outbreak within its own borders, the Kremlin began deploying similar tactics of disorientation and confusion on its own country's healthcare system, outraging Russian medical workers.
In May, Facebook took down scores of Russian-based social-media accounts running influence campaigns set up to disrupt elections and society in general around the world. In February, Facebook purged dozens of accounts linked to Russian military intelligence trying to stir up ethnic tension.
These mark only two of many such purges of malign Russian accounts on social media over the years.
Russian hackers have been targeting world leaders and groups for years, with Germany's intelligence service in May calling on the Kremlin to stop this malign activity.
Violation of freedoms
The Kremlin also undermines human and civil rights at home and abroad when it suits its interests.
Putin is actively persevering with "efforts to control the internet, using ever more elaborate methods", citing a law that would allow the country to disconnect the Russian internet from the rest of the world, while there is rampant speculation he is using the coronavirus crisis to extend his rule.
The regime has been silent as Central Asian immigrants stranded in Russia without work and with dwindling resources due to the coronavirus outbreak are seeing their woes compounded by unlawful police persecution and widespread fraud.
Pro-government media outlets in Russia are tapping into citizens' anxiety over the coronavirus pandemic to paint migrant workers from Central Asia as villains and criminals, observers say.
This hostile environment, cruel working conditions and outright xenophobia facing Central Asian migrants in Russia -- all seemingly sanctioned by Moscow -- are creating ideal conditions for extremist recruiters to prey on the vulnerable, angry workers.
Russia led by the Kremlin dwarf is stable in its racist, Eastern Orthodox, revanchist policies against Turkic-speaking ethnicitiesReply
Russia is not a country but a nasty pigpen.Reply
Those are correct words about the author!!!Reply
And a fantastic dumb f.ck at that! )Reply
True. Unfortunately, most people draw conclusions based on their personal experiences and analyse nothing, let alone systemically. They watch the boob tube without knowing a thing about PR principles and turn into potential "cannon fodder". It is both trite and unprecedented at the same time - Russia is absolute evil now.Reply
The sooner they level that dung pile called Russia the betterReply
Also, the filthiest beasts on Earth are those screaming Allah Akbar!!!! Bearded, insatiable bloodthirsty scum with thousands of devils swirling around inside of them!!!!!Reply
The collapse of Russia is inevitable, and then Muslims will bury you moronic dogs peeing at the entrances of apartment buildings, and roll you under asphaltReply
Russia stinks and craps too much. Is it about time to flush it?Reply
[We've got to] flush all filthy Uzbeks, Tajiks, Kyrgyz and Khokhly [Ukrainians] down the toilet because they are the most despicable nations on Earth!!!!!!Reply
Russkies are the nastiest people in the world.Reply
It's high time to flush Russia down the toilet. Push the flush button!Reply
No person is a judge to another person.Reply
You thoughts are wrong, whoever you are. There are Muslims with pure intentions, who perform ablution 5 times a day in Uzbekistan.
Man does not sell his land, and if he sells his land he is no man.
Do not call your motherland with such names. Allah sees everyone.
There can't be a bottom at the top; sometimes the bottom forms a top! No two coups are similar; it will be done. There will be no civil war in Russia. Those who made money on the Judas Kremlin regime would buy off their asses rather than put their lives on the line. Those beside Putin stay there just because they are part of the pecking order and turn everything they can into money, having had their safe havens for a long time. A stubborn "White Guard" will not transfer their money abroad because they need to have enough [cash] to fight for their Homeland, but there are no such people around Putin. Putin capitalists don't even build bomb shelters for themselves or other "protective facilities" and means of self-defence. Because as soon as the Putin regime falls, they will try to "skip town" right away. Get to the root of the matter; don't bite his dust. Otherwise, your truth will rest in your illness! YuriReply
Now guest workers are treated worse than dogs in Russia... They kept as slaves. And can this be any different if Central Asian leaders willfully trade their citizens to be slaves for Russians? I heard these firsthand accounts from these sad sacks held in cages in the Moscow outskirts, unpaid and beaten up...Reply
Russia is just needless on Earth.Reply
Unfortunately, this enthusiastic admirer of the Throne who adored the crowned cannibal "of all times and peoples" from overseas didn't think that way.Reply
I trust Putin. What you wrote here is utter bollocks. I wish him, his associates, and especially his executives sound health!!!Reply
And what is to be done with his endless lies then?Reply
What is to be done with the impoverishment of Russian citizens?
What is to be done with the oligarchs lining their pockets with everything that belongs to the people right under Putin's nose, and not only doesn't he ever touch them, but he also encourages them in every way?
What is to be done about all this???
Decent people get judged. Putin mostly does the right things. It's time for the Russians to understand and support him, not whine and drink booze.Reply
Putin's "moustache unglued", meaning approval ratings plummeted. People are not happy with impoverishment. ["Your moustache unglued" is a line from a popular Soviet comedy]Reply
The mare trusted the jackal, who ate her up, leaving nothing behind but her tail and mane...Reply
The people in Khabarovsk has already shown their attitude towards Putin and how they are fed up with him.Reply
Tell me, is there a difference between the State Department and USCENTCOM, which sponsors Caravanserai?Reply
Putin's regime is nearing its end. People in Russia are increasingly discontent with the coming impoverishment and crisis. Besides, Putin decided to usurp power and is re-writing the Constitution for himself. The majority of Russians don't like that either. And as soon as they oust Putin civil war and collapse could break out in Russia.Reply